Icon painting in Crete

The adoption of the wooden iconostasis, which replaced the byzantine marble templon, favored the production of icons around the end of the 14th c.
The new artistic air brought to Crete by the Constantinopolitan artists that immigrated to Candia and the influence of the Western art, which was favored by the Venetian presence in the island, the trade and the growth of a rich and well educated bourgeoisie, which supported the Fine Arts, helped the emergence of great painters such as Angelos Akotantos, Andreas Rizzo, Theophanes, Michael Damaskenos and Dominikos Theotokopoulos (El Greco) as well as the creation of a specific artistic language in the icon-painting, which was described under the term “Cretan School of Painting”.

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